Century ad 1885 – congo free state declared 1884–85 – berlin conference leopold's claims to congo recognised 1876 – brussels conference leopold. 1870s - belgian king leopold ii sets up a private venture to colonise kongo 1874-77 - british explorer henry stanley navigates congo river to the atlantic. This thesis argues that king leopold ii, in his exploitation of the congo, dealt the leopold acquired the congo through unethical means and thus took the. The history of congo's exploitation begins with the explorer stanley he, on behalf of leopold, exchanged bales of cloth with the natives for signatures on land. With philippe bergeron, don cheadle, james cromwell, frank mccourt a documentary about the exploitation of the congo by king leopold ii of belgium.
In the period from 1885 to 1908, many well-documented atrocities were perpetrated in the the territory under leopold's control exceeded 2,600,000 km2 (1,000,000 sq mi) and, amid financial problems, was ruled by a tiny cadre of white. Read the full-text online edition of king leopold's congo: aspects of the development of race relations in the congo independent state (1962. The worst colonial crime ever, occurred at the turning point of the 20th century when the king of the belgians leopold ii carried out during 20.
The belgian government has denounced a bbc four documentary as a tendentious diatribe for depicting king leopold ii as the moral. The death toll in king leopold's congo was on a scale comparable to the holocaust and stalin's purges can leopold ii be viewed as a precursor to the. This is a tale of horror and tragedy in the congo, beginning with the brutal and exploitative regime of king leopold ii of belgium, and culminating with the. It is i leopold ii is the absolute master of the whole of the internal and external activity of the independent state of the congo. King leopold ii ruled over the congo and created a horror show that had a body count on par with hitler's, so why haven't more people heard.
The congo free state, the belgian congo, democratic republic of the congo roughly half of the population of leopold's congo were killed. King leopold ii of belgium was responsible for the deaths and mutilation of 10 million congolese africans during the late 1800's the spoils of. Only 90 years ago, the agents of king leopold ii of belgium massacred 10 million africans in the congo cutting off hands as we see in sierra leone today, was.
Initially called the congo free state, the colony remained a personal possession of king leopold ii from 1885 until 1908 when it was taken. Five years after most european nations and the united states had granted colonial status to king leopold's congo free state, a young merchant seaman . King leopold ii's personal rule of the vast congo free state anticipated the horrors of the 20th century, argues tim stanley. Congo,between conflicts and human rights under terms of the general act of the berlin conference, leopold pledged to suppress the east african slave.
The berlin conference (1884 – 1885) recognised the sovereignty of king leopold ii of belgium over the free state of the congo the king governed the territory. In november of 1877 leopold formed the committee for studies of the upper congo (comité d'études du haut congo, later renamed association internationale. King leopold's congo and the scramble for africa a short history with documents michael a rutz march 2018 - 136 pp series: passages: key moments in. At the end of the 19th century, the congo, with its territory 80 times bigger than belgium, became the personal property of king leopold ii of.